Saturday, December 29, 2007

27 Dis 2007

Dua Perkara Berlaku..

Hari ini 27 Disember, ada dua perkara berlaku...
Pertama, di Mahkamah Persekutuan Putrajaya hari ini keputusan kes Subashini lawan Saravanan akan diisytiharkan. Kes ini melibakan pasangan hindu yang berkahwin sebelumnya melalui upacara Hindu dan perkahwinan didaftarkan di bawah Law Reform Act 1976. Kemudian suaminya Saravanan masuk Islam dan membawa anak sulungnya masuk Islam. Suaminya telah memohon pembubaran di Mahkamah Syariah menggunakan Seksyen 46 dan permohonan diluluskan oleh Mahkamah Syariah tetapi Isterinya membawa kes ke Mahkamah Sivil memohon injunksi.

Semasa dalam perbicaraan di Mahkamah Persekutuan baru-baru ini, aku dan beberapa orang kawan hadir untuk memberi sokongan moral dan berada di tempat orang awam. Masa tu yang ada seorang nama Hj Norman mewakili NGO Muawafakat. Sedangkan sebelah Subashini ada ramai yang datang memberi sokongan moral. Antaranya Yati dari Sisters in Islam (SIS) atas nama hak asasi bagi isteri bukan Islam.


Saravanan diwakili oleh Pembela dan PGSM. Ada 8 orang peguam Pembela dan PGSM yang ada di hadapan. Presiden PGSM iaitu Zainul dan beberapa orang Exco iaitu Tajudin, Badri dan Halim dari PGSM. Manakala Hanif, Radzi, Rahim dari Pembela. Semoga Allah memberi balasan yang baik untuk mereka semua.

Hanif Katri berhujah pagi tu dan dalam hujahnya Hanif menyebut Seksyen 51 Law Reform masih seperti yang ada sekarang ini belum dipinda maka Mahkamah yang semestinya membuat pentafsiran dan boleh memberi pendapat dengan apa yang difikirkan patut. Hakim menjawab, tunggu Parlimen lah yang ubah dan Hanif segera menjawab balik, seblagi Parlimen belum putuskan pindaan maka Mahkamah lah yang boleh membuat keputusan sewajarnya untuk ekadilan pihak2..Hanif ni memang sedap dan sangat cantik cara dia susun ayat dan membuat submission.

Sebelah Subashini ada ramai peguam India, tetapi yang bercakap mewakili isterinya Subashini adalah Malik Imtiyas dan Haris Ibrahim. Malik banyak kali bangun interupt semasa Hanif berhujah dengan berkata bahawa pendapat Hanif tersasar dan tidak betul, tidak dapat difahami dan sebagainya. Apabila Hanif mengatakan, apabila salah seorang masuk Islam, Mahkamah yang paling berhak mendengar tuntutannya adalah Mahkamah Syariah dan isteri juga boleh ke Mahkamah Syariah menjadi pihak Defendan.. Malik terus mencelah, mengatakan Mahkamah Syariah tak boleh mempunyai kuasa ke atas bukan Islam. Mesti dipertahankan Mahkamah Sivil sahaja yang layak memutuskan tuntutan Subashini.

Aku selalu bertanya soalan ini..Kenapa orang Islam tidak menyokong yang Islam?? Sampai sekarang aku rasa sangat pelik dan buntu.. Kenapa mereka selalu berada dalam setiap perbincangan undang-undang menyokong yang bukan Islam dan mengatakan Mahkamah Sivil adalah paling berhak... Kenapa yer?

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Keputusan Kes

Keputusan Mahkamah Persekutuan mengatakan bahawa perkahwinan tersebut hanya boleh dibubarkan di Mahkamah Sivil dan Seksyen 51 Law Reform Act tidak ada sebarang perubahan. Saravanan yang telah mendapat perintah pembubaran perkahwinan di Mahkamah Syariah tidak ada apa-apa kesan kerana perkahwinan tersebut masih dianggap mengikat sehingga tuntutan isterinya Subashini didengar dan diputuskan..
Dan hujah sebelah suami bahawa isterinya yang bukan ISlam boleh ke Mahkamah sebagai pihak yang bertikai tidak diterima oleh semua hakim bersidang..

Alangkah sedihnya dengan perkembangan ini...
Pihak yang masuk Islam masih teraniaya selagi Kerajaan tidak meminda Seksyen 51 tersebut...


Yang menggembirakan hanya satu keputusan mengenai membawa anak untuk memeluk Islam, Mahkamah memutuskan salah satu pihak boleh membawa anak masu Islam walaupun pihak satu lagi tidak bersetuju...
Inilah sahaja yang agak menggembirakan sedikit..

Kita perlu mendesak Kerajaan membuat pindaan terhadap Seksyen 51 tersebut dengan kadar segera...

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Penghakiman kes disedut dari AP

Malaysia's highest court rejects plea to block divorce case from going to Islamic court
By EILEEN NG, Associated Press Writer AP -
Thursday, December 27PUTRAJAYA, Malaysia -

Malaysia's highest court Thursday rejected on technicality a Hindu woman's plea to stop her Muslim-convert husband from divorcing her in an Islamic court, and upheld the man's right to change their son's religion to Islam.The Federal Court's verdict was on a petition by Subashini Rajasingam, a 29-year-old ethnic Indian Hindu, who also wants the divorce but says it should be decided in a civil court.

However, in a confusing verbal ruling, the Federal Court failed to clarify the status of Malaysia's minorities, such as Subashini, in marital disputes where the spouse is a Muslim. Civil rights groups have voiced fears that minority rights have become subordinate to Islamic jurisprudence in this predominantly Muslim nation, thanks to a series of rulings that have gone in favor of Muslim spouses.

The Federal Court said that as a principle, marital disputes involving a converted Muslim spouse and a non-Muslim partner should only be decided in a civil court and not in the Islamic Shariah Court.

But at the same time, the court said Subashini's husband has the right to approach the Shariah court to seek redress."Civil courts continue to have jurisdiction, notwithstanding his conversion to Islam ... A non-Muslim marriage continues to exist until the (civil court) dissolves it," said Nik Hashim Nik Abdul Rahman, the presiding judge of the three-member panel.

But then he then added that civil courts and Islamic courts have equal status in Malaysia.Defense lawyers were taken aback by the seemingly contradictory ruling, and said the picture can become clearer only after reading the full written verdict, which will be released later."There is a small measure of comfort in that they say civil courts have jurisdiction and that the husband cannot escape his obligations with his conversion," said Subashini's lawyer, K. Shanmuga."But on the other hand they also said that he can go to the Shariah court, and they said the civil court and Shariah courts have equal standing. This has created some confusion. We don't know what impact this will have," he said.

Subashini's petition was rejected on the ground that she had filed it within three months of her husband's conversion. Her lawyers said she will refile the petition in the High Court to meet the legal requirement that it be filed three months after the conversion.Subashini married Saravanan Thangathoray, also an ethnic Indian, in a Hindu wedding in 2002.

The couple have two sons, Dharvin and Sharvind, now aged 4 and 2.Saravanan told his wife in 2006 that he had converted to Islam. Subashini attempted suicide and was hospitalized. When she returned home, Saravanan had left with Dharvin, whom he claims has also converted to Islam.Saravanan, by then known as Muhammad Shafi Saravanan Abdullah, filed for divorce and custody rights over the children in a Shariah court in May 2006, and the right to convert Sharvind.

This right was upheld Thursday by the Federal Court, which Shanmuga said is a huge blow to Subashini."Most worrying is that they are saying that either parent can convert the child. The net effect of the ruling is that it's a loss for her," he said.Muslims, who are 60 percent of Malaysia's population, are governed by Islamic courts while non-Muslims go to civil courts to settle family, marriage and other personal disputes.

But the law is vague on which court has the authority to deal with disputes between Muslims and non-Muslims, especially within a family.Civil courts have generally steered clear of taking a position in such cases, allowing Shariah courts to take the lead. This has raised questions about freedom of religion guaranteed by the Constitution, and strained racial relations in this multiethnic country, which has enjoyed largely peaceful race relations for nearly four decades.